New Research Establishes Reciprocal Relationship between TMJD and Mental Health Disorders
National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taiwan – A study investigating the reciprocal associations between temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorders (AnxDs) has been recently published in the Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice.
Unraveling the Complex Relationship
The existing evidence has hinted at a connection between TMJD and symptoms of depression and anxiety. However, the exact nature and sequence of the relationships between these conditions remained unclear. To delve deeper, the research team conducted a retrospective cohort analysis, utilizing data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database.
The researchers identified patients with antecedent TMJD, MDD, or AnxDs and then created control cohorts that were matched for factors such as age, sex, income, residential location, and comorbidities. These cohorts were tracked for the emergence of TMJD, MDD, or AnxDs over a 15-year period, from 1998 to 2013, to estimate the risk of these disorders.
Noteworthy Findings Highlight Interplay between TMJD and Mental Health Disorders
The findings underscored significant associations between TMJD and the emergence of MDD and AnxDs. The risk of developing MDD was found to be approximately three times higher in patients with TMJD, and the risk of developing AnxDs was seven times higher compared to those without TMJD. Moreover, pre-existing MDD and AnxDs were linked to a nearly six-fold and over eight-fold increase in the risk of subsequent TMJD development, respectively.
These findings highlight a two-way relationship between TMJD and major depressive and anxiety disorders, with each serving as a risk factor for the development of the other.
This research underscores the intricate connection between oral health and mental well-being. A clearer understanding of these reciprocal relationships can inform better clinical strategies for managing and treating patients with TMJD, MDD, and AnxDs, leading to improved overall health outcomes. Future research is needed to further explore the underlying mechanisms of these associations and identify potential points of intervention.
For more details, visit the original publication: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37201980/